June 30, 2014

Setting up a caliphate ruled by the strict Islamic

It also proclaimed the group's leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, as caliph and "leader for Muslims everywhere".wedding dress

Setting up a caliphate ruled by the strict Islamic law has long been a goal of many jihadists.

Meanwhile, Iraq's army continued an offensive to retake the northern city of Tikrit from the Isis-led rebels.

The city was seized by the insurgents on 11 June as they swept across large parts of northern-western Iraq.

In a separate development, Israel called for the creation of an independent Kurdish state in response to the gain made by the Sunni rebels in Iraq.
Allegiance demand

Isis (the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant) announced the establishment of the caliphate in an audio recording posted on the internet.
Kurdish peshmerga fighters at a checkpoint the in Salahuddin province, Iraq Kurdish fighters are engaged in fierce battles with the militants in the north of the country
Iraqi families wait outside of a displacement camp for those caught-up in the fighting in and around the city of Mosul 28 June 2014 Refugees have continued to pour into Iraqi Kurdistan to flee the fighting

It said the Islamic state would extend from Aleppo in northern Syria to Diyala province in eastern Iraq. valentino sale

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the group said, would become the leader of the state and would be known as "Caliph Ibrahim".

In the recording, the rebels also demanded that all Muslims "pledge allegiance" to the new ruler and "reject democracy and other garbage from the West".

Isis also said that from now on it would be known simply as "the Islamic State"..
Russian jets

On Sunday, Iraqi government jets struck at rebel positions and clashes broke out in various parts of Tikrit, witnesses and officials said

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June 24, 2014

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has excommunicated a prominent backer of ordination of women priests, her advocacy group has said.Hong Kong Tour Guides

Kate Kelly, founder of Ordain Women, was notified of the ruling on Monday, a day after a trial by judges in the Mormon Church, Ordain Women said.

The group said the Mormon Church hierarchy deemed her an apostate for her contravention of Church doctrine.

The Utah-based Mormon religion boasts more than 15 million members worldwide.

According to a letter informing her of her excommunication obtained by the Deseret News, a leading Utah newspaper, Ms Kelly will be barred from some acts of church worship for at least a year.

"You are entitled to your views, but you are not entitled to promote them and proselyte others to them while remaining in full fellowship in the Church," wrote Bishop Mark Harrison of Virginia.

She can be readmitted to the fold if she shows "true repentance", including ceasing "teachings and actions that undermine the Church, its leaders, and the doctrine of the priesthood", he wrote.
'Tragic day'

Ms Kelly said the church's decision, taken by an all-male panel of judges, was "exceptionally painful".

"Today is a tragic day for my family and me as we process the many ways this will impact us, both in this life and in the eternities," she said.

The Mormon religion was founded in the US in the early 19th Century and claims more about 188,000 adherents in the UK Dream beauty pro hard sell.

The religion is centred on Jesus Christ but departs significantly from the Orthodox, Catholic and Protestant Christianity.

It holds its founder Joseph Smith as a prophet. Its members revere its central text the Book of Mormon, first published in 1830 in New York state, as holy scripture that complements the Bible.

Church doctrine holds that only men can be ordained into the priesthood.史雲遜 有效

Ordain Women, however, argue that the religion's tenets "support gender equality, including the ordination of women".

Excommunication is the most serious punishment that can be handed down by a Church court, Ordain Women said.

Matt Martinich, a Mormon who studies membership numbers for research group Cumorah Foundation, told the Associated Press that excommunication is rare in the Church, with only 10,000-20,000 people being ejected from the Church every year.

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June 18, 2014

These spiders achieve the best of both worlds

The research team also studied how well each personality type carried out the tasks and again found strong differences.
When the spiders were made to live outside of a colony, aggressive females were more effective at capturing prey, constructed better webs and were more likely to attack and repel intruders than docile individuals.
However aggressive types were less successful at rearing large numbers of offspring than docile ones.

Mr Wright said: "We were surprised at how poor parents aggressive spiders were. It turns out that they are so aggressive that they will even act aggressively towards their own offspring, killing many in the act." useik

But having both personalities present is key to a colony's success.ふしじそkblog

"These spiders achieve the best of both worlds by evolving two behavioural types with specialised tasks. Aggressive spiders perform all the tasks where aggression is important, and docile spiders are allowed to focus on being good parents. It's a win-win situation," Mr Wright added.

Having provided the clearest evidence for division of labour organised around behavioural rather than physical differences, the authors say personality may play a similar role in many other animal societies. ふえういえい

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